Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an old breed descended from dogs the Celts brought to Wales more than 3,000 years ago. The two Corgi breeds are related, although the Cardigan (the breed with a tail) is much older than the Pembroke Welsh Corgi (the breed without a tail). Originally a ratter and a cattle herding dog, the Cardigan today is primarily a companion dog. The
Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a long-bodied, low-slung, sturdy dog with heavy bone and a deep chest. Standing 10.5 to 12.5 inches tall and weighing between 25 and 38 pounds, he should give an impression of both speed and endurance, even with very short legs. The head is wedge-shaped, with large upright ears and brown eyes. The front legs are bowed. The tail is long and bushy. The double coat has a soft undercoat and a medium-length outer coat. Coat colours include black, blue merle, sable, red, and brindle.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi coat should be brushed two to three times a week, although daily brushing might be needed in the spring and fall when shedding is at its worst. This Cardigan Welsh Corgi is not an overly active dog, but he is far from sedate. He loves to play games and enjoys daily walks. Without enough exercise, he will find ways to amuse himself that could get him into trouble. The Cardigan needs early socialisation so that he can meet a variety of people, as he is naturally protective and wary of strangers. A very intelligent breed, early training can teach him household rules.
Training should continue on into adulthood, as this dog breed thrives with mental challenges. He also enjoys many dog sports, especially herding and agility. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is very much a companion dog who enjoys his family and likes to do things. He may try to herd the children and the family cat. He is wary of strange dogs and should not be trusted with small pets; he is still an efficient ratter. Health concerns include eye problems and hip dysplasia.