Bulldog is a dog breed developed to fight bulls. The original bull breeds were fighting dogs: tough, courageous, and tenacious. They fought bulls and, later, bears and other ferocious animals, even other dogs. However, in the mid-1800s, blood sports were declared illegal in England, and the bull breeds, including the Bulldog, faced extinction unless they could change, and change they did. Bulldog breed fanciers bred for traits other than aggression and produced the breed we know today.
The Bulldog (or English Bulldog) is a medium-sized dog, with a heavy body and large head on sturdy legs, standing 12 to 16 inches tall and weighing 40 to 50 pounds. The chest is broad and deep, with the front legs set wide apart. The muzzle is very short, the eyes are round, and the ears are set high on the head. The tail is straight or screwed. The coat is short and fine and may be one of several colours, although red brindle is preferred.
The Bulldog coat should be brushed a couple of times each week with a soft bristle brush. The wrinkles of the face need to be cleaned daily to prevent dirt build-up and skin problems. Some dogs’ faces may need to be washed after every meal.
The Bulldog is not a very busy dog. She will enjoy a walk daily and needs some playtime each day, as obesity can be a problem in the breed, but she is also a great lover of comfort, and the sofa cushions will call to her.
Early training is important, as Bulldogs can be quite powerful as adults. But the breed has a gentle and stable temperament and, with training, these dogs rarely try to get into trouble, although puppies can be mischievous.
Living with Bulldogs can be a challenge. They snort, snore, and grumble; they drool and most have trouble with flatulence. They are affectionate with children and are usually very good with other pets. Some males may challenge other male dogs. They do not breathe well in hot, humid weather. They are prone to many health problems, including allergies, breathing difficulties, and reproductive problems.