Bolognese is related to several other small companion breeds, including the Bichon Frise, Maltese, Havanese, and Coton de Tulear. The Bolognese dog breed was prized by nobility as long ago as the 11th century, and many Bolognese can be seen in old paintings.

The Bolognese is a small dog who stands between 9 and 12.5 inches tall and weighs between 8 and 15 pounds. The breed has dark round eyes, dropped ears, and a dark nose. The body is as long as the dog is tall at the shoulder. The coat is long all over the body, falls in flocks, and is white without any shadings or markings.

Grooming the Bolognese dog breed does take some time, as it must be brushed and combed on a regular basis to prevent matting— how often will depend upon the dog. If the dog runs and plays outside and gets wet, or if she trains in agility and is running, jumping, and climbing, then the coat may need to be brushed and combed daily. A sedate, stay-at-home dog may need to be groomed two or three times a week. The coat is not trimmed and does not have an undercoat.

Bolognese will enjoy a couple of walks each day, with a play session in between. They are playful and energetic without being overly active. Early training and socialisation will help this companion breed learn household rules and social manners. Most Bolognese are wary of strangers and will bark; early training can control this tendency prior to it becoming a problem. Housetraining can sometimes be a challenge, but with patience and persistence, these dogs can learn what is expected. Bolognese enjoy agility and therapy dog work.

This dog breed was bred to be a companion and makes a wonderful pet. They are good with children they are raised with but will not tolerate rough handling. Bolognese can be good with other dogs but should be protected from larger dogs who play roughly. They are good with the family cat but should not be trusted with smaller pets. This is a healthy breed.

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